Sat. Mar 2nd, 2024

India has witnessed an excessive climate catastrophe nearly each day of the primary 9 months of this yr — from warmth and chilly waves, cyclones and lightning to heavy rain, floods and landslides, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) stated.

Between January 1 and September 30, such occasions hit the nation with tenacious and horrifying regularity and influence on 86 per cent of the times.

These disasters have claimed 2, 923 human lives; impacted 1.84 million hectare (mha) of crop space; destroyed over 80, 000 homes; and killed greater than 92, 000 livestock.

What’s extra alarming is that possibly, these calculations may very well be an underestimation — as a result of knowledge for every occasion isn’t collated nor are losses of public property or agriculture calculated.

These statistics are a part of CSE’s and Down To Earth journal’s new pre-COP28 evaluation of utmost climate occasions in India in 2023, which was launched right here in a web-based media briefing on Tuesday.

“India 2023: An assessment of extreme weather events attempts to build an evidence base on the frequency and expanding geography of extreme weather events in the country. As this assessment clearly shows, what the country has witnessed so far in 2023 is the new ‘abnormal’ in a warming world, ” stated CSE director basic Sunita Narain whereas releasing the evaluation report.

What does the report say? India skilled excessive climate occasions on 235 of the 273 days — a bit over 86 per cent of the times — from January 1 to September 30.

Madhya Pradesh was the state with the best variety of such occasions — 138. But the utmost variety of individuals killed had been in Bihar — 642 — adopted by Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh: 365 and 341, respectively.

Punjab witnessed the utmost variety of animal deaths, whereas Himachal Pradesh had the best variety of broken homes.

In the southern area, Kerala recorded the utmost variety of excessive climate days (67) and deaths (60). Telangana recorded the most important affected crop space: over 62, 000 hectare (ha); the state additionally had excessive animal deaths on this area (645). With over 11, 000 homes destroyed, Karnataka suffered essentially the most on this rating.

In India’s northwest, Uttar Pradesh had essentially the most excessive climate days at 113. Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan all fared badly as nicely.

In the east and northeast, 102 occasions put Assam on the high of the desk; the state additionally misplaced 159 livestock and over 48, 000 ha of its crop space was devastated. In Nagaland, over 1, 900 homes had been destroyed.

While January remained barely hotter than common, February exceeded all earlier information to turn out to be the warmest in 122 years. India additionally skilled its sixth driest February and its driest August in 122 years.

Kiran Pandey, programme director, environmental sources unit, CSE, and one of many writers of this report says: “The report has a section on comparative analysis, which indicates that 2023 has seen more devastation compared to 2022. For instance, the impact of extreme weather events has been worse and been felt across the whole country in 2023 — all 36 states and Union territories have been affected this year, compared to 34 last year. The extent of cropped area that has suffered damages has widened — it was limited to 15 states last year; this year, 20 states are affected.”

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